- magdeburg in the Middle Ages and became a pattern for new city constitutions in Central and Eastern Europe. The Magdeburg law was adopted by most cities in central, eastern, and northern Germany, Bohemia, and Moravia. Magdeburg, the mother town of the constitutions, possessed a supreme court, to which appeals and queries were addressed, including litigation between Christians and Jews. These cases were treated fairly, without discrimination and with no accompanying degrading oaths. In the 14th century the charters of many towns in Galicia were copies of this law, as were those of Lublin (1317), Sandomierz (1356), Lemberg (Lvov; 1356), Vilna (1387), Brest (1370), and Grodno (1391); in the following century it was extended to several towns in southern Poland, among them Lutsk (1432) and Minsk (1496), and in the 16th century to the towns of Pinsk (1511), Kovel (1518), Tarnopol (1550), Mogilev (1578), Vitebsk (1582), and others. Originally, the privileges enshrined in the law were granted only to German craftsmen and merchants, Jews and all other non-German town dwellers being excluded. However, in the charter granting the law to the city of Lemberg (June 17, 1365), the Jews, Armenians, and other nationals were free to decide whether they wished to avail themselves of it or whether they preferred to abide by their own laws and remain subject to the jurisdiction of their elders, under the chairmanship of the local bailiff. Later the law was granted to all the townspeople, including Jews (as in Kiev and Podolia). One of the paragraphs of the Magdeburg law which was of importance for the Jews provided that no Jew could be forced to stand warranty for objects he had bought or received as a pawn, i.e., to reveal from whom he had bought or received them. The Jews were therefore not responsible for receiving stolen property. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Kisch, Germany, 62–70, index; idem, Jewry Law in Medieval Germany (1949), index; I. Bershadski, Litovskie Yevrei (1888), 221, 234, 241–3.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Magdeburg rights — (German: Magdeburger Recht) or Magdeburg Law were a set of German town laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted by a local ruler. Modelled and named after the laws of the German city of Magdeburg and… … Wikipedia
Magdeburg — /mag deuh berrg /; Ger. /mahg deuh boorddk /, n. the capital of Saxony Anhalt, in central Germany. 290,579. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: 229,755), capital of Saxony Anhalt state, east central Germany. Located on the Elbe River, it was a trading… … Universalium
Magdeburg hemispheres — Gaspar Schott s sketch of Otto von Guericke s Magdeburg hemispheres experiment. The Magdeburg hemispheres are a pair of large copper hemispheres with mating rims. When the rims were sealed with grease and the air was pumped out, the sphere… … Wikipedia
Magdeburg — This article is about the German city. For other uses, see Magdeburg (disambiguation). Magdeburg The town s symbol Cathedral of Magdeburg … Wikipedia
German town law — (German: Deutsches Stadtrecht) or German municipal concerns (Deutsches Städtewesen) concerns town privileges used by many cities, towns, and villages throughout Central and Eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. Contents 1 Town law in Germany 2… … Wikipedia
List of law topics (F-M) — NOTOC Law [From Old English lagu something laid down or fixed ; legal comes from Latin legalis , from lex law , statute ( [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=law searchmode=none Law] , Online Etymology Dictionary; [http://www.m… … Wikipedia
List of towns with German town law — A list of towns in Europe with German town law. Year of law granting is listed when known.Schleswig law de. Schleswiger Recht) *SchleswigLübeck law( Lübisches Recht ) *Braniewo ( Braunsberg ), 1254 *Elbląg ( Elbing ), 1237 *Gdańsk ( Danzig ),… … Wikipedia
Kulm law — Kulm law, Culm law (German: Kulmer Recht; Latin: Jus Culmense vetus; Polish: Prawo chełmińskie) was a German legal constitution for a municipal form of government used in several Central European cities during the Middle Ages. The Handfeste was… … Wikipedia
OvGU Magdeburg — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehlt Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg Gründung 1993 Trägerschaft Land Sachsen Anhalt … Deutsch Wikipedia
TH Magdeburg — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehlt Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg Gründung 1993 Trägerschaft Land Sachsen Anhalt … Deutsch Wikipedia